Policy Briefs

The policy brief series is aiming to summarize results of the CUPESSE project and to develop policy recommendations for stakeholders and policy makers alike.


  • Policy Brief VI

    The sixth and final policy brief, “Nudging” the Youth Guarantee hit its target: Lessons from behavioural public policy, assesses the Youth Guarantee in light of insights provided by the literature on behavioural public policy and offers a set of recommendations for optimizing the effectiveness of the Youth Guarantee based on behavioural insights.


  • Policy Brief V

    The fifth policy brief provides an overview of outreach measures targeting a group of young people at particular risk of social exclusion: young people under 30 who are neither employed nor involved in education or training, commonly referred to as NEETs. Recognizing the need for specific measures to effectively reach this group, the European Parliament and the European Council decided in May 2014 that public employment services (PES) in the EU member states shall cooperate in an attempt to promote and share best practices of NEET outreach work. Drawing on data from various PES reports, the policy brief compares the scope and variation in NEET outreach work across the European Union and concludes with policy implications to maximise the impact of NEET outreach measures in Europe.


  • Policy Brief IV

    The policy brief 4 provides an overview of the literature on intergenerational transmission of entrepreneurship and summarizes the insights from a recent comparative study on transmission processes in Europe as well as their mediating factors. It identifies potential measures to counteract the apparent drop in the intergenerational transmission of entrepreneurship and outlines recommendations for policy makers.


  • Policy Brief III

    The Policy Brief 3 summarizes the findings of an analysis of youth entrepreneurship in Europe and the policy measures adopted by the Latvian government to promote it. Latvia has taken the deliberate decision to promote youth entrepreneurship and has implemented corresponding policy measures. Across the EU, young Latvians hold the most favourable perceptions of the feasibility of self-employment. Moreover, the nascent entrepreneurship rate is the second-highest in the EU, suggesting that policy-makers elsewhere in the EU can perhaps learn from the Latvian case.

  • Policy Brief II

    The second policy brief analyses the impact of labour market policies on entrepreneurial activities.

    As the levels of unemployment grew over the last five years, policy makers increasingly focused their attention on entrepreneurship as one promising means of reducing unemployment. However, policies focusing on the transition from unemployment to self-employment have not always fulfilled expectations, with some studies even suggesting that more self-employment is not necessarily the best solution.

    The second project policy brief aspires to explore questions regarding the factors influencing nascent entrepreneurship of the unemployed. It furthermore aims specifically at better understanding of the role of labour market policies and, on this basis, to present policy recommendations. The authors use individual-level data on unemployed individuals gathered in the frame of Global Entrepreneurship Monitor in 33 countries in the years 2006 to 2012 and combine them with country-level data on unemployment rates, entrepreneurship rates and labour market policy expenditures.


  • Policy Brief I

    The first policy brief provides an overview of focal points of labour market policies across countries and discusses an active labour market programme – Jump Plus– aimed at young unemployed adults in Mannheim, Germany. Due to its success in immediately integrating young people into trainee, internship, and on-the-job learning programmes, the scheme has been a role model for other similar approaches across the country. However, Jump Plus is not a German invention, but rather shares many elements with the Danish Production Schools. In targeting vulnerable groups of young people, both programmes provide young adults with the hard and soft skills needed to successfully transition into the labour market.